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Styles mebilirovki housing

  Throughout XX century in the production of furniture stores steadily have three stylistic currents. To a certain degree of conditionality are hudozhestvenno-konstruktorskim, stilizatorskim and avant-garde.

The first two now widely available in the range of products of both domestic and foreign production in many large furniture stores. Samples of the third, avant-garde, to appear in selling to us, unfortunately, rarely; Learned, for the most part, Italian and French descent, are mainly in international exhibitions and fairs.

Brief overview of the origins and main features of these stylistic directions.

Artistic direction

Artistic direction emerged in the design of furniture at the turn of XIX and XX centuries in a wide styling for "Modernist" (from the Latin word "modernus-new, state-of-the-art"). New style militant rejected dominant in the time-old tradition of decorative art furniture, resulting in the historical styles baroque, Rococo, Classicism. The main stages of the furniture style in this direction were the work of masters Bauhauza (high school building and artistic design, Germany, the 1920s), and industrial design 1950s and 1960s, came top in the production of furniture and all other industrial products. The success of modern design is largely due to the fact that he was able to solve the major social challenges in post-war industrial project is to provide solutions that meet the increasing demands of rapid mass production of relatively cheap products.

The basic principle of artistic design-nothing more, in ways beyond the required products with functional, technological and structural standpoint. As a consequence, artistic expression, or to the beauty of furniture made solely by the logic of their form, harmonious proportions whole and parts of rhythmic Tym (such as lockers at the front section and the office of the shelves), impressive mix different materials (for example, wood or enameled surfaces with glass, metal fasteners, cloth, etc.). He refuses to use any means decorative finishing a-thread, rubies, etc. The only exceptions are the natural texture of wood, including the simulation of synthetic materials-tissue, usually smooth or geometric figure, and relefno-risunchatoe glass.

Typical representatives of the styling direction are numerous sold today in stores cabinets and cabinet "wall", kitchen sets, chairs, sofas, chairs, beds, etc. domestic and foreign production (mainly Germany).

Retrospective line

Stilizatorskoe, or retrospective, sending widely represented in any European furniture market products, in ways which clearly visible features of the style of a historical style, for the most part such as the baroque, classical, modern style and less XIX - beginning of XX centuries (but not a branch of modernism, which grew artistic direction). The main elements of style derived from the past : for cabinets, relief and flat patterns of plant or a false profile on the door, finishing direct or curved profile cornices; Furniture and beds-bent or tochenye feet, including carved decor, curly sculpted back, lokotniki and other design details, tapestry upholstery, etc.; tables for-reliance, the same furniture legs, curly wall and the upper lids tend to be decorated in plant design or technology KLASISKĀS rubies and decorated sliding boxes. All these means of artistic expression that require expensive materials and advanced technologies dramatically increase the cost of products. BChlshaya of imported furniture, a beautiful baroque "second" and classicism, reach our market from Italy, Romania and France.

It is important to note that a significant portion of the market today assortment of furniture "mixed", eclectic style type created based on the principles hudozhestvenno-konstruktorskogo direction, "but" prinaryazhaemaya any decor. This economical style particularly characteristic of cabinet "wall", tables, beds domestic production is also reflected in the use of upholstery fabrics and chairs with rastitelno-uzorochnym report. Artistic merits of this furniture is often very doubtful or even curious, like what happens if the lady in strict business dress to wear head cap with roses and ribbons.

Particularly, ethnographic, historical cost branch lines of products, which used to decorate the grounds of non - decorative arts of a people, for example, Tatar, Udmurt, the Yakut, etc. Of all European countries, this phenomenon is most prevalent in Russia.

Avantgarde line

Avantgarde line in the design of furniture is a radical innovation in form and construction products, in particular the use of new, previously used materials and technologies are finding their way of a new and, more importantly, new, unusual, but quite reasonable interaction between things and people. Thus, everyone who is going to purchase furniture, is now facing a difficult dilemma style furnishing their homes in whole or in a separate room. It is difficult because it has only itself, "his mind" because no one here can be very good advice. The style is a matter of personal taste and material considerations. But we can make some general warnings.

The style and good taste

No cows, no cares, but ... nobody wants to be called for eyes that he had bad taste. And this is possible if :

1. the target is to be the beautiful thing because it is more expensive others;

2. room furnished things different style;

3. selected furniture physically or visually too zagromozhdaet space, in size does not conform to it.

It should be borne in mind that none of the furniture, including the most expensive, not necessarily people with excellent taste. Moreover, they often adapt to the technical feasibility and thinking furniture manufacturer at the expense of its artistic quality. Particularly at risk of being tasteless owner of the furniture of both domestic and foreign production, if it is a stylized furniture. In a perfect long-range decorative arts era ended in the production of today's products, designed for the modern model home, is a complex matter that is only a talented designers. Furnishing rooms of varying style of a good is produced, or simply excellent, to the extent that all the components of the interior of furniture, and others, including decorating walls, doors, windows, lighting, etc., are difficult kompozitsionno-hudozhestvennoe unity. It would require training and talent, at least, natural flair for the possession of which none of us really can not vouch.

Simply comply with the requirement of proportionality furniture placement. First, the furniture should not impede the movement of people on the premises, access to other subjects of frequent usage. You will be kept to the minimum necessary quantity of furniture and their own size. Secondly, the furniture should not visually overload the room. It is a criterion : value of benefit, namely, the apparent, floor and walls. The smaller the value, the more pressure, "compressed" seems premises. Most cabinets have a negative impact, especially furniture "wall" with antresolnymi sections, as well as kutanye (without feet), the sofas and chairs.

Another source of the same effects-heavy form of a multitude of details of products, the more voluminous, which is often observed in samples stylized furniture. Rare prototypes of the kind of products designed to be spacious rooms and high ceilings. In general, most adapted to modern flat subsidies furniture hudozhestvenno-konstruktorskogo direction, which, in fact, aimed to achieve this. His weakness - sectional cabinet "wall", but it is overcome in those samples that have no antresolnyh sections and the total length of the front (up to 3 m) permits the installation of a short wall space, usually in front of the windows.

The style and mood

Each style has the ability to set some people attributed it to borrow. And this effect is a style medium, whether urban landscape, bridge, a house, interior, furniture, clothes or perhaps iron.

The housing situation in the style hudozhestvenno-konstruktorskogo type is "efficiency" in the broadest sense, allowing a wide range of business sentiment shades : from solemnity to the intimacy of veselosti to dullness and the like. This variantnost possible by various means composite solutions ensemble of the furniture and each of them separately, such as size, Tym, proportions, color, invoice, contrast, etc.

Interiors and furnishings, stylish, in the spirit of historical styles is a "celebration" and even "idle" life, as in a wide range of colors, including impression exclusive pride owners for their welfare and public, may only imagined. They give a sense of stability, leading to the conservative, respectful behavior. Avant-garde style feature, however, bear mood "intellectual" 19th-tough and bitter ownership of modern progress.

It was to guard against losing the easiest approach to housing-Furnished full of stylistic consistency all its facilities. They doubt their own emotions and their guests. The home, even if studio apartment, it was a "nastroenchesky" scenario, starting with the entrance hall. It can be in one of the styles of that much harder than in the use of funds, including furniture, different types of styles.

Style and children

Young theme that emerged in the late XIX century, the first time in history, there are some specific children's clothing. Previously, no styles or fashion did not know and did not know anything child or youth. Throughout XX century shaped current understanding of the way of life of children and youngsters. Main features, mobility, play sociability fantaziynost, creativity. That dolzhno guided, in deciding interior rooms for children and adolescents, including his style. Stylized furniture, perhaps no place here, like many products of furniture vanguard. In addition, anyone not yet been designed and produced furniture styles of these types that fit anthropometric characteristics of children and adolescents. It worked in artistic design. But here often sets of furniture fell lack of space normally allocated to children (up to 15 characters), as well as "constructive" vzroslostyu and colours.

Finally, we note that a good selection of furniture is not sufficient to achieve at home or in a separate room of his style comfort. While furniture and construction, along with protecting the fabric from the main part of the living environment, artistic and emotional expressiveness last depends on the quality of stylistic ensemble of interior components, and on a major expense, and also space adjacent to housing outside, including the front door and windows of the type. This is higher mathematics. And on that later.

Author : Evgeny Dimitri Shchedrin, the candidate of Art
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