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Ремонт пола    Советы начинающим паркетчикам Repair floor tips for novice parketchikam

Tips for novice parketchikam

Прежде чем начинать процесс лакировки паркета, следует самым тщательным образом изучить рекомендации изготовителя лака и сопроводительную техническую документацию, обратить внимание на ограничения по применению лака и сроки его годности.

If at the time of painted surface to light obvious defects associated with a varnish should pause and consult the manufacturer or seller. Apply varnish should be strictly in accordance with manufacturer recommendations. To initiate a cause of varnish need immediately after grinding parquet.

There are different ways of varnish : a hand-causing swab, brush, spatula, roller, and mechanical vacuum spraying the air. Filling basically are just priming layer and the first layer of varnish. The following sections are brush or roller. If the varnish are filling, then passes to be perpendicular to each other. This means that if the first passage along the room, the second is to be across. Smear filling is usually made S-obraznymi movements of the painting is more durable and is masking joints adjacent plots. Since absorption in wood varnish in a manner causing little wood is lighter tone. Brush to apply varnish to be broad. Smear brush normally be made in the form of U-shaped movements. This is part of a neighbouring site and will not be painted layer thickness. One cause of varnish on the value of land, to brush out to the edge of the site with svezhenanesennym varnish.

After working with two-varnish brush must be washed with a solvent to the remnants of varnish brushes not hardened. During a break in the work of a one varnishes brush can be kept in containers with varnish. With long breaks in the transportation of this size or close.

If the varnish caused by roller, sending traffic in the work should be targeted crosswise. The movement across the varnish applied, while driving along-level. When spreading roller must perform only reciprocates movement. The roller raise, remove about 3 / 4 of its width, and the cycle of repeat reciprocates. Close to the walls of the speed of varnish should be reduced to make sure we do not touch the wall roller. The cause of varnish roller can do M-obraznyh movements, it can cause a thickening of teneobraznyh covered with lacquer surface. If roller for a long time was in the tank with a varnish, the resumption of work must be well raskatat, except perhaps in kapleobrazovanie of varnish.

In accordance with international standards DIN acceptance of the film is painted with a height of human growth downwards to spread light. That is not to kneel and use in assessing the quality of artificial light sources (light).

About 30% of all claims against the parquet floors are ready to claim a painting. It often happens that the customer makes excessive demands on the painted surface, waiting for industrial "furniture" quality. This does not take into account that painted performed manually and sometimes in difficult circumstances construction site.

Despite all efforts parketchikov, there is an absolute lack of space dust that tiny dust is not getting to a fresh painting. Some side of the hand or small inclusion in the film painted permissible, unavoidable. The customer needs to know that the minor defects, with a total surface resistance they have no influence.

Of course, there are significant deficiencies must be addressed. The surface should be covered floor varnish evenly. But ask the same thickness of the layer could not be painted because of the different absorbing ability of wood. The painted film should not be a big factor, inflow, clear lacquer strip edges missed stations cover should be smooth shine. Consider the causes and means of preventing the typical defects painting.

1. A layer of varnish dries not

Possible reasons :
  • Natural oils in the wood, preventing hardening of varnish, such as varnish on the basis of artificial resins, oil (uretanalkidny, alkyd) not dries wood some exotic species (Topping, LA, kam-she);
  • Jatoba poorly surface of the floor, paste wax residue remained in the old floors and prevent hardening painted layer, for example, you would be using polyurethane anhydrous, acid, uretanalkidnyh and alkyd varnish;
  • Compound in two-varnish added to the lack of non razmeshan razmeshan or poorly, or not made;
  • too low room temperatures (below 10 ° C);
  • temperature in the room is high, but the cold surface of the floor;
  • insufficient access fresh air (no ventilation);
  • picked the wrong hole, for instance, instead of acid Compound Compound in varnish added to the polyurethane varnish.
Ways to address.

If the delay in the hardening of varnish explicitly related to the wood products or too low temperature in a room, in most cases, enough to increase the temperature to 20 ° C and increase ventilation. After a while hardening process to be activated and lacquer zasohnet. If used inappropriate Compound or have too few, the majority of cases have been caused oshlifovyvat coverage. In some cases, the use of acid varnishes situation could be resolved if the surface nezastyvshego cause varnish brushes clean acid compound. But after such an operation must be re-painted to polish off layer.

2. White influxes

Reasons :
  • lacquer painted too cold;
  • temperature of the surface of the floor is too low, the humidity is too high;
  • total moisture in a room too high (house).
Ways to address.

White nodules indicate that the layer of varnish svezhenanesennom skondensirovalas moisture from the air. In most cases, treatment helps bleached inflow solvent, then be re-lacquered. The next layer of needed Strike room and it is particularly important to raise the temperature of the surface of the floor.

3. Direction painted layer

Reasons :
  • incompatibility of different layers of varnish, for example, the layer of varnish vodno-dispersionnogo suffered facial dual layer of polyurethane varnish;
  • correctly selected thinning; tool for causing lacquer was impregnated cleaning products and paint himself with the drug or poorly cleaned instrument;
  • A vaguely interim grinding.
Ways to address.

The wall on small plots of floor can be podshlifovat and cause a new layer of paint. The manufacturer of the floor remedy is necessarily full soshlifovki caused painted surface.

4. Education bubbles

Reasons :
  • varnish too cold;
  • too thick layer of varnish;
  • influence bright sunshine;
  • improper selection of roller or brush to apply the varnish.
Ways to address.

Bubbles formed when painted layer Hematoxylin only on the surface and inside of liquid remains. Evaporative solvent can escape through the film solidified, and accumulate under the form of bubbles. Correct the situation can only polish the surface of the film and a new layer of lacquer.

5. Stripes painted surface.

Reasons :
  • too high air temperature in a room or high temperature field;
  • Layer caused varnish too thick;
  • work is too slow to keep pace drying varnish stations before beginning to cover neighbouring areas between adjacent plots films are not coupled;
  • untidiness or wrong in the selection tool to do varnish.
Ways to address.

Viscosity all varnishes, and thus their technological properties can be improved by adding diluents. The first layer of varnish absorbency of always higher than in the placement of the remaining segments. To improve the adhesion to the substrate and save varnish, using solvent. In marking the second and subsequent layers of varnish added to a small amount of solvent, to improve adhesion already caused layer. In most cases, enough to accelerate the pace of work, the neighbouring areas lacquering as soon as possible so that they do not keep drying. To slow the process of drying film should reduce heating and ventilation reduce the intensity.

6. Education cratering

Reasons :
  • tool to cause varnish is not to (especially in rollers);
  • correctly selected solvent;
  • Wumpus indoors;
  • varnish is too cold;
  • the so-called "silicone poisoning" of varnish.
Ways to address.

In many draughts parquet lacquers form craters, especially if the varnish was pereohlazhden to store and because this was too viscous. The situation could be corrected by full intermediate polishing the front layer. The film шлифуешь polished metal filling with sharp edges. After shpatlevaniya surface prosushivayut well, but podshlifovyvat it should no longer be. The cause new layer of varnish.

7. Roughness.

Reasons :
  • very small bubbles distributed to the film;
  • at the film hit the dust;
  • Grinding wrong interim varnish (polishing);
  • caught on tape residue of a dry crust painted tanks of varnish;
  • fat fingerprints on the tool.
Ways to address.

The exact definition of texture in most cases be very difficult. Indoor roughness films often can only be armed with literally identical. Most of the claims, declared as roughness associated with contamination at the meeting. At the site, where the painting parquet, should by all means keep working tools and containers with varnish.

8. Rugosity (nursery skin ")

Reasons :
  • too fast causing a layer of varnish to the other;
  • too thick layers of varnish;
  • the wrong choice of solvent.
Ways to address.

Correct defect could only when there dwarfing on small plots of cover. If rugosity extends to the entire surface of the floor, it caused the layer of varnish to oshlifovat. Particularly susceptible to the formation of wrinkles varnishes on the basis of artificial resins, oil, if they cause too thick or cause a new layer, and leave the well dry earlier.

9. Glossy or matte surface is slick

Reason :
  • Very thick layer of varnish, flatting additives in it settle unevenly.
Способ устранения.

Intermediate and polishing of a new thin layer of lacquer.

10. Mapping

Reasons :
  • too much harm layer thickness, for example, in the case of acid cured lacquer;
  • in the two-varnish added too much Compound.
Ways to address.

Acid choppy layer of varnish should be oshlifovat and cover the surface varnish again. Currently, the sale of a parquet floor covered with lacquer at the plant. Luck to a parquet mechanical vacuum caused by the dispersion of special factory vacuum chambers and otverzhdaetsya by UV or electron irradiation. Technology factory painting excludes defects of hand and allows "furniture" quality. But sometimes wizard faced with the desire to meet a customer parquet re-varnish in a construction site in order to conceal defects in the surface (large gaps between planks), or defects in operation (chipped paint, etc.). In this case, you must know that not every parquet covered with varnish in a workplace, in principle, can cause re-painting. This is because the binding varnishes used by the industry, is not always compatible with lacquer Manual application.

There is a need in each case to explore the issue of compatibility factory and again caused varnishes. Best to consult with the seller varnished parquet, as not all equipped lacquer available in the sale could be used to launch re-surface on a parquet. The new application layer to polish factory varnish single machine, after polishing the entire surface is evenly mat. However, if the local authority has the curvature or bar pokoroblena, there is a danger of completely removing the varnish or retain some parts of the pristine paint layer (a likelihood detached due to a lack of adhesion).

Another problem is to look for expansion joints strips. When lacquer painted on the front, then pull the joints between the planks still visible. Even if the cracks in joints strips so low that the presentation of claims, there can be no question, the appearance of cover can get worse, and the customer will be dissatisfied.

It should be added that the dust particles loss of svezhenanesenny painted layer will be clearly visible on the front surface of the film is almost perfect quality that can be a basis for the claims. After reviewing all of this should come to a conclusion : the re-painted the finished flooring can be made only under exceptional circumstances.

Finally, it should be noted that our recommendations based on the experience and knowledge obtained in the production process. These recommendations may not be binding for all. Your results may differ from the article. We hope that these tips will help you make good quality work.


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