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How ceiling repairs

Способы ремонта потолка

Finally, I emerged visit his girlfriend. She recently bought an apartment, and all our friends and acquaintances already povoshischatsya its studios ’… Initially, I flew out of the apartment house tapok something white and heavily pachkayuschemsya. "Nenavizhu repairs. "in the hearts of Marmeladov girlfriend Alexandra, somehow evolved from Brunette in the platinum blonde. "Are you decided herself pobelit ceilings? "- I asked, holding a finger to flying shoes. "Yes certainly, agreed. What to do? All the money went to the shoe doghouse, and its ceilings are not gonna probably since the first quinquenniums! "

Indeed, the ceiling was a sad spectacle and wonder. First, it would appear that it went, so it was izmyat, creating and istoptan. Secondly, it always something sypalos-room apartment was in the home with the metro - apparently shaken ...

Urge girlfriend that, in such a case need specialists had long. All her savings, as I said, went to buy flats, and to seek additional funds to repair ceilings it is not like. But when we came on top of a piece of something, she decided. We have taken firm and obzvanivat firmochki. First, of course, looking for a "cheaper, and fast." The first occurred on the eve of whether Moldavian, whether Romanians glance view our "heavenly beauty" and said : "Five hundred dollars. Even the ceiling would not be house-old slab perekosheny. Measurements are not needed, I am prikinu eye. Materials you. What should I do? "-" Nu-u around, we probleyali, fearing that we have not planned price. - Apparently, the need chalk, scaffolding… "-" Well, you Antonova, opredelyaytes and call ".

One week my friend is trying to "identify" themselves. Something there skoblila and draila but ceiling, understandable case of the better protected from ...

An appeal to a solid company. Going ahead, I say - just two weeks in an apartment urogenital perfectly white and perfectly smooth ceilings. All the time I kicked vertelas under ladders and maintenance workers. In connection with the editorial mission even allowed me a little help in the process. But I now know for sure : in which case, not be put out of work. Could promyshlyat repairing ceilings.

I now present to you the "Handbook for wishing to be good, but not very high ceiling.

First look up

Initiating repairs, it is necessary to know at least about when you walk to the next. If you anticipate a long time not to raise their eyes towards the top is one option. If you wish to change through godik-drugoy "sky" over their heads is quite another song.

If your ceiling is covered with oil paint, nothing you more ink can not. Because oil placed on the wash of varnish, which pervades concrete, and any other material to keep it already is. The sad case of little choice : either back oil paint, which is yellow in two or three years even with all the sanitary standards (meaning that you will not be in the room to smoke and prepare food from their plates day and night), or high suspended ceiling.

There were glued to the ceiling ceiling wallpaper. Please note : kleyatsya they directly on concrete slabs, which means you have to complete training under the new cover (about that later). Again glue on the paper did not recommend a ceiling-in model homes builders did so purely on the basis of speed and cheap, but they were not blot or shpaklevat ceiling. "Paper" is stark beauty of a maximum of three years.

There are other "sensitive" issues, not every home can be an ideal form of the ceiling. The fact is that our building is very poor. Understood that the ceilings of the wall should be at 90 degrees. The panel newly slab "walk", thus reducing the ceiling is not easy to perfect. The old houses are not worth a certain shpaklevok. Excluded, for example, expensive imported plastulas company Pufas "- they increase the weight of the ceiling, and old plaster may not be able to withstand.

Ideally, the ceiling is updated simultaneously with the wall, but do all the dirty work Ceiling do before you primetes repair floors (parquet carpet, linoleum, tile or min). But if you still decided to pay attention only to the ceiling (as is the case with my friend), passed the safety of floor, walls and furniture. Fine old newspapers or plastic sheeting. Those not sorry wallpapers have buttons or ordinary scotch. More "advanced" are aware that there is a special paint film. This paper scotch, displaying the special adhesive layer. Tape leaves no trace of either the wallpaper or paint or glass. Roll that tape was 50 meters in length from 30 to 100 rubles (depending on width). Reinforce paint film tape on the floor, walls and furniture. All that will be the top leader in the development ceiling, although a trap. At the end of the tape is removed.

Down with the old immensely!

You are armed to the teeth and ready to begin repairs? Next! That is up on ladders. Remove the old cover. Can an old proven way : wash down water and vodoemulsionku permeate solution of iodine (iodine bubble in proportion to a bucket of water) and Scratch perforator (loved ones and to give better sprovadit from noise and sin away). All this time, easier and dingy.

Now, specific adhesives that can easily remove all the old paint. Increased demand washing German company Pufas ". Price : 0,375 l-120 rubles. 6 L-680 rubles. Depletion - 0.5 l / m ... Our washing produced at a Schelkove or San Francisco, for a little less German. Does that keep them in the ceiling need a little longer. And they are much cheaper : schelkovskie-52 rubles. 1 l, volgogradskie-40 rubles. 1 million. OFF painted on the ceiling or a roller and brush through 20-30 minutes easily removed with the old paint. Quickly and pure!

In the process, many find that it is necessary not only to remove old paint, but a bad piece of the fungus. For the unwary explanation : it looks disgusting-up of mould stains and moss colors, often appearing in a room with high humidity.

If the fungus "settled" on your ceiling, is not ignored. Refurbishing of not save. As a result, picking away and wasted money spent force. Having better immediately declare war on this organic infection. To combat the best use of the funds from the mould.

There are German funds from the mould company Pufas "in bottles of 500 grams cost about 175 rubles. Finnish-company Tikkurila "entitled" Homeenpoyste ". They are cheaper than German every four 3-$ 1 million. Choosing our anti much poorer : affects national habit of copper sulphate. It also displays the fungus. But it means you can get only in the construction company or in specialized shops.

Using funds from the mould simply : pshiknuli to fungal dirt from cans, waited 30 minutes, looking like all Shypit and puzyritsya, and no attacks. Died. Hydroxide only unpleasant smell chlorine moving to the premises during the process. The insect attacks not taken of the disaster, and is in the early stages, means of helping to mould really cool. Verified.

Good protect themselves from the introduction of attacks in the future in advance. For this you need to take preventive measures. There are fungicidal paint additives ( "Pufas" 44 rubles. For 250 grams, "Tikkurila is approximately the same price).

Fungal large pockets can be removed so-concrete vydalblivaetsya or burn propane or plasma welding. Then again sealed and gruntuetsya vitriol. Clearly, in this case, turning to professionals. Simple view that the fungus fight futile, wrong.

So, the ceiling cleared. But before getting down to work, to see if it you horizontal. The easiest way is to use plumb measure the distance from floor to ceiling in the corners of room. If you find that the slope is still need to be aware of this during the primer and plastering work to "restore" the ceiling in a horizontal position.

"Sloeny cake" - user's guide

The first and foremost filling in all the joints in four. Some say that this is required, especially if the old house and built on a model project. At the turn of ceiling and wall boards are "progress" : a house to live is positive pressure air otslaivayutsya wallpaper, flaking plaster and fillers. Others believe that the closures have left open, it is for this very reason, "Game" plates.

The first views should produce mortared joints for stopping (to put it simply, cement with sand). Sale already in the mixture. You just add water. Exactly so much to get consistency test. Most domestic consumer trade offers Russian mixture. A universal "M-150" is 45 rubles. for tare weight 50 kg. Consumption-24 kg / m. to 22 mm thickness of the coating. Zadelyvayutsya seams with spatula or "gun".

Proponents of a different perspective serpyanku use, which means simply building bint. Serpyanka stripes down directly on the rusty (open seams) with PVA glue, divorced water. Roll of 100 m, a width of 8 cm is 48 rubles. , 50-metrovaya package bint 1 m-225 rubles. The PVA glue to pay 20 rubles. / L.

After righteous works with calmness can go have lunch or watching favorite movies for the time (about two hours) be able to skirt seams.

The next two stages - the car-wash and prepare to finish the ceiling to the finish, which may be painting the ceiling (but not oil paints) or pokleyka wallpaper.

Primer should permeate the concrete and get nothing from the ceiling sypalos, and equalize the surface. Primer is the penetration depth-the deeper, the quality and weight.

The ceiling gruntuetsya roller. With respect, there is a good selection from which to choose. The experts recommend products imported German company Pufas ":" Tiffing-grunt LF "and" Universal Tiffing-grunt LH ", the most common in the sale. First wash apply where the ceiling-average roughness, a little texture to it. The second is absorbed deeper, it can blot on the old, poorly cleaned surface. They are both about the same-about 45-60 rubles. / L. Can and Russian-priming are two to three times cheaper (10-20 rubles. / L) consumption of 120 g / m ... But our primer less durable. There is a very easy way to 10 litres of water for one or PVA glue. However, please note that long-ceiling or settlement.

Primer should be made to the conscience. But its function is so permeate the concrete, a ceiling that has become a monolith. During processing 1 sq.m. Go to 80 rubles. The price primed with fillers. Our handyman working as usual, is not accustomed to import wash with water from the smell of paint, and the habit still use varnish. While it should ideally be set only oil paint, gore-remontniki can paint proolifenny ceiling and water-based paints. The ceiling becomes suitable in a few months.

Maintenance is the most exciting jobs but terribly responsible, and in some cases fairly expensive. On a filler, is a perfectly smooth ceiling.

The shpaklevochny material is a white powder, which is being developed for water thick soft mass. Surface there are three types : internal, external and mats. The sales-German Pufas "Finnish" and "Vetonit". Best-fillers our company "Glynn". It is quite respectable-Polish firm Atlas. The Russian and Polish filler rate higher than the German and Finnish, but the result still produced two to three times cheaper ( "Pufas" - 200 rubles. 5 kg, "Glyn is 98 rubles. 5 kg). However, using German or Finnish filler, you do ceiling "at the Century".

"Pufasnye" ceilings to date really the best-the service life of up to 30 (!) years. You can use filler mixed, say, "Vetonit" + "Pufas". BUT! We must be clear about the rules psevdomatematicheskoe : relocation parts of the amount awarded, as is changing! There is such a bad thing as exclusion material. While initially placed "Vetonit" and then "Pufas", please wait crash. And if to do otherwise, "grabbed" evil grip. Using repair services, feel free to ask a sequence of segments, and not the gore-firmy vytvoryayut.

To guard against the emergence of cracks in the ceiling directly in nevysohshuyu fillers can apply normal cheesecloth or a serpyanku, acting as reinforcing mesh.

The bar for a perfectly flat surface-finishing chemicals, hide most minor defects (the average price-$ 1.5 for 1 kg consumption of 1.6 kg / m). .

Fine-finish surface, it is quite rovnenkaya and gladenkaya. Our ( "Clay") or Polish ( "Atlas") in stores as it is necessary to ask "the finish". A "Pufas" all of its stock issued in fine form, so basically, as mentioned above, may be used as the finish.

A few hours later, when the car podsohnet, shkuritsya ceiling. The single most banal paper plane. (Frankly, occupy very Putin, but the main type of "running endless tears with ladders, podvinul again vzgromozdilsya - shkurish; back tears podvinul… "tiresome to stomach. But nothing can be done about-be.) The monolithic basis, is awaiting the painting is ready.

But before I turn to the "artistic", which is to describe one way in which the ceiling under the paint. It's good that requires a minimum of effort and time in five less costly than the "vetonito-pufasny". Perhaps this is the simplest and cheapest option quality ceiling (ceiling wallpaper whitewash or not in balance).

Plasterboard is ready ceiling panels, usually measuring 1.2 metres x3, at the price of 30 rubles per square meter. Sold together with instructions for use, which in principle is capable of any sort, even a less-than-repair people. Just to cut fixed metal frame, and to do so through self privinchivayutsya gypsum board. Then all shpaklyuem and paint.

The only disadvantage of this method is the loss of up to 5 cm height of the ceiling. But undeniable advantages : fast-time cheap-2, ideal for krivyh-gorbatyh ceiling-3. Hide any irregularities, as each plate, and the entire ceiling as a whole. The ideal option for those cases where the ceiling is tilted - savings in maintenance and produced an enormous cigar.

Plates of plasterboard can be painted onto any, it falls exactly, the surface is smooth. Recommend to plasterboard Tigi-knauf "and" production Novomoskovsk plant. Apparently all. The only annoyed-plasterboard is afraid of water, and if you fill neighbours - top evil cause.

To ceiling was finished

So, the ceiling ready to go. The oil paint has been said, and contact with it do not. Better use of alkyd enamel. Optimal-vodoemulsionnaya or vodnodispersionnaya paint. Better-mat. Will show up, as vague as advanced, visually expanding. Want to do-colored ceiling. Flowers are a myriad of colours.

Pro-vodnodispersionki its longevity. "Allows" wash themselves to two thousand times! In addition, this paint-smoker joy. Even if you pitch as a locomotive, the ceiling will remain pristine sound very long. 20-kilogrammovogo buckets (average price from 200 to 400 rubles) in the last 80-100 sq.m.. Import paint enough to put in two layers, our best three. And you bit for 3D favorite brush, which has a ceiling painting in those early days when married grandfather, using more advanced tools, paint roller or sprayer.

Vodoemulsionnaya or vodnodispersionnaya paint. Three paint each other only in that the first may smyvatsya, albeit with difficulty. The second is a completely water resistant. The best-German "Feydal" and "Pufas", "Finnish" Tikkurila. There are good domestic and paint-company "Rainbow" and Lytkarinskogo plant. Spectrum Color vodoemulsionki quite broad. Vodnodispersionnaya paint mostly white.

Если вы хотите покрасить потолок в какой-нибудь экзотический цвет, вам не обойтись без колеров — красящих добавок. Смешивая их с основной краской в определенной пропорции, можно получить любой оттенок. Пропорции всегда указаны на емкости. В магазине «Ключстройарсенал» мне предложили «цветную» услугу (при покупке краски в этом магазине сия услуга – бесплатная). На специальной колеровочной машинке смешали воднодисперсионную краску с выбранным мной колером – получили желаемый цвет (мы с подругой возжелали персиковый).

Масляная краска – российского или белорусского производства. Можно найти и польскую. Но иностранцы «масло» справедливо не любят и уже почти не поставляют. Как уже говорилось, оно не дает потолку дышать и быстро желтеет.

Алкидная эмаль — немецкая «Пуфас» или финская «Ветонит». У импортной эмали очень широкий спектр цветов, у нашей отечественной (Ростов-на-Дону) – чуть меньше. А вот турецкая – практически всегда только белая.

На упаковках всех импортных материалов обязательно есть инструкции по применению на русском языке. Сроки годности иностранцы не указывают – считается, что краски долговечны. На наших даты указаны. Но специалисты меня заверили, что немного «просроченная» краска не беда, главное – ее хорошо перемешать.

Если я вас не убедила, то вы – чемпион среди всех консерваторов мира по консерватизму, ничего не попишешь, бывает. Тогда разведите мел водой, добавьте синьки для оттенка и получите побелку. Но поверьте, банально побеленный мелом потолок – сомнительное удовольствие, и надолго чистоты в доме он не прибавляет. Лучше все-таки красить.

Или уж оклеивать потолочными обоями. По мнению продавцов-консультантов, сейчас самыми лучшими из российских потолочных обоев считаются двухслойные (дуплекс) производства Мытищинской фабрики. Цена – 60 рублей за рулон (10 м при ширине 53 см). Сделанные в Минске чуть дешевле – 50 рублей такой же рулон, саратовские – 45 рублей. Импортные особым спросом не пользуются – при таком же качестве их цена 80–90 рублей за рулон.

Украшения для потолка

Эстетам или владельцам «перекошенных» квартир рекомендую потолочный плинтус или лепнину. Два самых распространенных варианта плинтуса – пенопластовый и пенополиуритановый. Пенопластовый стоит в среднем $1 за погонный метр. Пенополиуритановый – в пять раз дороже, зато имеет вид «под лепнину», и его можно красить. Плинтус зрительно выравнивает перекосы, да и смотрится симпатично. Если средства позволяют и стиль вашего жилища соответствует, украсьте потолок лепниной из гипса. Цены зависят от полета фантазии и от толщины бумажника. К примеру, в фирме «Комплекс-ремонтстрой» мне рассказали про ремонт коттеджа Руцкого. Так вот, только лепнина обошлась губернатору Курской области в $62000. Но учтите, лепнина и плинтус зрительно «опускают» потолок. Если он и без того невысокий, а плинтус вам все-таки крайне необходим, не покупайте широкий.